Number & Operations (N)

6.N.1 Read, write, and represent integers and rational numbers expressed as fractions, decimals, percents, and ratios; write positive integers as products of factors; use these representations in realworld and mathematical situations.

6.N.1.1 Represent integers with counters and on a number line and rational numbers on a number line, recognizing the concepts of opposites, direction, and magnitude; use integers and rational numbers in realworld and mathematical situations, explaining the meaning of 0 in each situation.

6.N.1.2 Compare and order positive rational numbers, represented in various forms, or integers using the symbols <, >, and =.

6.N.1.3 Explain that a percent represents parts “out of 100” and ratios “to 100.”

6.N.1.4 Determine equivalencies among fractions, decimals, and percents. Select among these representations to solve problems.

6.N.1.5 Factor whole numbers and express prime and composite numbers as a product of prime factors with exponents.

6.N.1.6 Determine the greatest common factors and least common multiples. Use common factors and multiples to calculate with fractions, find equivalent fractions, and express the sum of twodigit numbers with a common factor using the distributive property.

6.N.2 Add and subtract integers in order to solve realworld and mathematical problems.

6.N.2.1 Estimate solutions to addition and subtraction of integers problems in order to assess the reasonableness of results.

6.N.2.2 Illustrate addition and subtraction of integers using a variety of representations.

6.N.2.3 Add and subtract integers; use efficient and generalizable procedures including but not limited to standard algorithms.

6.N.3 Understand the concept of ratio and its relationship to fractions and percents and to the multiplication and division of whole numbers. Use ratios to solve realworld and mathematical problems.

6.N.3.1 Identify and use ratios to compare quantities. Recognize that multiplicative comparison and additive comparison are different.

6.N.3.2 Determine the unit rate for ratios.

6.N.3.3 Apply the relationship between ratios, equivalent fractions and percents to solve problems in various contexts, including those involving mixture and concentrations.

6.N.3.4 Use multiplicative reasoning and representations to solve ratio and unit rate problems.

6.N.4 Multiply and divide decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers; solve realworld and mathematical problems with rational numbers.

6.N.4.1 Estimate solutions to problems with whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers and use the estimates to assess the reasonableness of results in the context of the problem.

6.N.4.2 Illustrate multiplication and division of fractions and decimals to show connections to fractions, whole number multiplication, and inverse relationships.

6.N.4.3 Multiply and divide fractions and decimals using efficient and generalizable procedures.

6.N.4.4 Solve and interpret realworld and mathematical problems including those involving money, measurement, geometry, and data requiring arithmetic with decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers.

Algebraic Reasoning & Algebra (A)

6.A.1 Recognize and represent relationships between varying quantities; translate from one representation to another; use patterns, tables, graphs and rules to solve realworld and mathematical problems.

6.A.1.1 Plot integer and rationalvalued (limited to halves and fourths) orderedpairs as coordinates in all four quadrants and recognize the reflective relationships among coordinates that differ only by their signs.

6.A.1.2 Represent relationships between two varying quantities involving no more than two operations with rules, graphs, and tables; translate between any two of these representations.

6.A.1.3 Use and evaluate variables in expressions, equations, and inequalities that arise from various contexts, including determining when or if, for a given value of the variable, an equation or inequality involving a variable is true or false.

6.A.2 Use properties of arithmetic to generate equivalent numerical expressions and evaluate expressions involving positive rational numbers.

6.A.2.1 Generate equivalent expressions and evaluate expressions involving positive rational numbers by applying the commutative, associative, and distributive properties and order of operations to solve realworld and mathematical problems.

6.A.3 Use equations and inequalities to represent realworld and mathematical problems and use the idea of maintaining equality to solve equations. Interpret solutions in the original context.

6.A.3.1 Represent realworld or mathematical situations using expressions, equations, and inequalities involving variables and rational numbers.

6.A.3.2 Use number sense and properties of operations and equality to solve realworld and mathematical problems involving equations in the form x+p=q and px=q, where p and q are nonnegative rational numbers. Graph the solution on a number line, interpret the solution in the original context, and assess the reasonableness of the solution.

Geometry & Measurement (GM)

6.GM.1 Calculate area of squares, parallelograms, and triangles to solve realworld and mathematical problems.

6.GM.1.1 Develop and use formulas for the area of squares and parallelograms using a variety of methods including but not limited to the standard algorithm.

6.GM.1.2 Develop and use formulas to determine the area of triangles.

6.GM.1.3 Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons that can be decomposed into triangles and other shapes to solve realworld and mathematical problems.

6.GM.2 Understand and use relationships between angles in geometric figures.

6.GM.2.1 Solve problems using the relationships between the angles (vertical, complementary, and supplementary) formed by intersecting lines.

6.GM.2.2 Develop and use the fact that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180 ̊ to determine missing angle measures in a triangle.

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